Title: The communication policy of the Greek ministry of Health during the management of coronovirus influenza- Covid 19
- George Heliades, Assοciate Professor, Ionian University (Supervisor)
- Spyros Polykalas, Professor, Ionian University
- George Koulierakis, Associate Professor, University of West Attica
Crises are objective events, their causes, their specific and general effects, and especially the way in which they affect individual and collective perception, are largely born, created, “constructed”, directed, increased or decreased by communication mechanisms at local, national and international level. Communication of the crisis problem plays the most dominant role in the psychological factor of all those involved in a crisis. The purpose of our present dissertation is to evaluate the communication policy of the Ministry of Health during the management of the Coronavirus of Influenza-Covid 19.
In the city of Wuhan, Hubei province, China, a series of pneumonias cases occurred on December 31, 2019. On January 9, 2020, the Chinese health authorities announced that it was a new coronavirus strain. The new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) causes disease COVID-19. Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that usually cause respiratory infections of various severity in humans and animals. It is estimated that about a third of upper respiratory infections in humans may be caused by coronaviruses.
From December 31, 2019 to February 27, 2020, a total of 82132 laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases were reported, included 2801 deaths included. Most cases were reported in China (78528). Also, 17 health professionals were confirmed with the new coronavirus infection (SARS-CoV-2). The new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is transmitted from person to person through droplets when the patient coughs or sneezes. The new coronavirus infection (SARS-CoV-2) can be manifested by fever, cough, shortness of breath, conjunctivitis and pneumonia. Preliminary epidemiological research has shown that most of the cases that were firstly reported in Wuhan City were either working or frequently visiting the seafood market where, in addition to seafood, poultry, bats, marmots and other wildlife were sold. The market was closed on January 1, 2020 to be cleaned and disinfected. Cases have also been reported in Thailand (40), Taiwan (32), Vietnam (16), Singapore (93), Malaysia (22), Japan (186) / Japan, cruise ship (705), South Korea (1595), Nepal. (1), Sri Lanka (1), Cambodia (1), India (3), Philippines (3), Macau (10), Hong Kong (91), United Arab Emirates (13), Israel (2), Lebanon ( 2), Iran (139), Iraq (5), Pakistan (2), Afghanistan (1), Oman (4), Bahrain (33), Kuwait (26), Russia (2), France (17), Germany ( 21), Finland (2), Italy (400), Spain (12), United Kingdom (13), Austria (2), Croatia (2), Sweden (2), Belgium (1), Denmark (1), Georgia (1), Greece (7), Norway (1), Romania (1), Switzerland (1), Northern Macedonia (1), USA (59), Canada (12), Brazil (1), Australia (23), Egypt (1), Algeria (1). A crisis is not a normal situation and therefore cannot be predicted. In addition, the existing management models which are based in data research and strategic thinking are not applicable to every case of crisis. However, in recent years factors such as the rapid technological development and the escalation of terrorism have resulted in recording, analyzing and studying too many crisis cases, and especially those that “unorthodox” methods of creation were used . These conditions led to the creation of a remarkable information reservoir , the study of which now makes it possible to produce reliable guidelines on rational crisis management.
The empirical part of the dissertation will include two parts. First, obtaining quantitative data with the tool of an improvised questionnaire in a sample of 200 health officials (Doctors, Nursing and Administrative Staff) from various Hospitals in the country. Second, to conduct 20 in-depth quality interviews from people working in government health care providers.